ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser | Mistral Class
ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser (L1010) is an Egyptian Navy amphibious assault ship, a type of helicopter carrier (LHD Landing Helicopter Dock), of the French-designed Mistral class. It was originally built for the Russian Navy and underwent sea trials. Subsequently, the contract was canceled by France and agreement on compensation reached with the Russian government. Egypt and France concluded the deal to acquire the two former Russian Mistral for roughly 950 million euros (Unit cost is estimated at 475 million euros) and renames the first ship to “ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser“. Egypt is considered the first and only country in Africa and the Middle East to possess an aircraft carrier of such type.
Gamal Abdel Nasser – Namesake Origin
Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein (Arabic Spelling: جمال عبد الناصر حسين; 15 January 1918 – 28 September 1970) was the second President of Egypt, serving from 1956 until his death. Gamal Abdel Nasser led the 1952 overthrow of the monarchy and introduced far-reaching land reforms the following year. Following a 1954 attempt on his life by a Muslim Brotherhood member, he cracked down on the organization, put President Muhammad Naguib under house arrest, and assumed executive office, officially becoming president in June 1956.
Gamal Abdel Nasser‘s popularity in Egypt and the Arab world skyrocketed after his nationalization of the Suez Canal and his political victory in the subsequent Suez Crisis. Calls for pan-Arab unity under his leadership increased, culminating with the formation of the United Arab Republic with Syria (1958–1961). In 1962, Gamal Abdel Nasser began a series of major socialist measures and modernization reforms in Egypt. Despite setbacks to his pan-Arabist cause, by 1963 Nasser’s supporters gained power in several Arab countries, but he became embroiled in the North Yemen Civil War. He began his second presidential term in March 1965 after his political opponents were banned from running. Following Egypt’s defeat by Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War, Nasser resigned, but he returned to office after popular demonstrations called for his reinstatement. By 1968, Nasser had appointed himself prime minister, launched the War of Attrition to regain lost territory, began a process of depoliticizing the military, and issued a set of political liberalization reforms. After the conclusion of the 1970 Arab League summit, Gamal Abdel Nasser suffered a heart attack and died. His funeral in Cairo drew five million mourners and an outpouring of grief across the Arab world.
Nasser remains an iconic figure in the Arab world, particularly for his strides towards social justice and Arab unity, modernization policies, and anti-imperialist efforts. His presidency also encouraged and coincided with an Egyptian cultural boom, and launched large industrial projects, including the Aswan Dam and Helwan City.
General and specialized information
|ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser||N/A||September 23, 2015||January 26, 2001||STX France | Baltiysky Zavod Shipyard|
|Cost||Laid down||Sponsored by||Christened||Launched|
|€475 million||February 1, 2012||N/A||N/A||October 15, 2013|
|June 2, 2016||Safaga, Egypt||N/A||N/A||Active – January 2017|
|Class and type:||Mistral-class amphibious assault ship|
|Length:||200 m (660 ft)|
|Beam:||32 m (105 ft)|
|Draught:||6.3 m (21 ft)|
|Installed power:||3 × Wärtsilä 16V32 (3 × 6,200 kW (8,300 hp))|
|Speed:||18.8 knots (34.8 km/h; 21.6 mph)|
Systems and Armament
|Aviation facilities:||Helicopter deck and hangar|
History – ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser
The Russian government placed an order for the ship in 2011. The construction of the ship would be shared between the countries with France building about 60 percent and Russia 40. Work started in France, in Saint-Nazaire, on 1 February 2012 and in the Russian Baltiysky Zavod shipyard in St. Petersburg in October 2012. Russia would send its parts to France for final assembly. The ship was expected to join the Russian Navy in 2015. The ship was launched on 15 October 2013. The ship began its first sea trials on 5 March 2014.
Savings in construction costs were anticipated, due to the use of commercial off the shelf (COTS) parts, rather than requiring every system to be designed to military standards.
The Russian acquisition of French Mistral-class amphibious assault ships is considered to be the largest defense deal between Russia and the West since World War II.
The 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine triggered rising international criticism. France was under political pressure from other nations to sanction Russia by cancelling or suspending delivery of the two Mistral-class vessels.
On 3 September 2014, French President François Hollande released an announcement that France was suspending the delivery of Vladivostok to Russia due to the ongoing War in Donbass, Ukraine.
By 13 September 2014, a partial ceasefire was in place in Ukraine. This improvement in conditions in Ukraine was sufficient for French authorities to allow Vladivostok to go to sea for her acceptance trials. French Defence Ministry sources said a decision on the delivery of Vladivostok would be taken by mid-November. On 25 November, it was announced that delivery of the two ships was to be postponed indefinitely. Russia threatened legal action over the postponement. In August 2015 the two governments reached agreement on terms for cancelling the contract; France would keep the ships and fully reimburse Russia.
On 7 August 2015, a French diplomatic source confirmed that President Hollande discussed the matter with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi during his visit to Egypt during the inauguration of the New Suez Canal in Ismailia.Subsequently, Egypt and France concluded the deal to acquire the two former Russian Mistral for roughly 950 million euros, including the costs of training Egyptian crews. Speaking on RMC Radio, Jean-Yves Le Drian, French Defence Minister, said that Egypt had already paid the whole price for the helicopter carriers. 
On 2 June 2016, DCNS delivered the first of two helicopter carriers acquired by the Arab Republic of Egypt in October 2015, the Landing Helicopter Dock Gamal Abdel Nasser. The flag transfer ceremony took place in the presence of Egyptian and French Navies’ Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Rabie and Admiral Rogel, Hervé Guillou, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of DCNS, Laurent Castaing, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of STX France, and senior Egyptian and French officials. Before sailing to Alexandria, the helicopter carrier Gamal Abdel Nasser participated in a joint exercise between the Egyptian and French Navies. On 16 September 2016, DCNS delivered the second of two helicopter carriers, the Landing Helicopter Dock Anwar El Sadat which also participated in a joint exercise with the French Navy before arriving at its home port of Alexandria
Military exercises – ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser
In June 2016, the ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser took part in military exercises jointly conducted by the Egyptian and French navies in the Mediterranean Sea. The drills were held under the code name Cleopatra 2016 and lasted for several days, they were the first for the ship after being delivered to Egypt earlier that month. The exercises included a number of activities such as both forces planning and managing naval combat missions.
- “France Floats Out First Russian Mistral Warship | Defense | RIA Novosti”. En.ria.ru. 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2014-04-20.
- “Saint-Nazaire Navires Mistral : le nom de Nasser s’affiche sur la coque”. 22 April 2016.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser Regan, James (23 September 2015). “Hollande, Sissi agree on sale of Mistral warships to Egypt”. Paris. Reuters. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Egypt warship: First French-made Mistral ship handed over – BBC News”. BBC News. Retrieved 2016-06-04.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Egypt’s Sisi inspects southern naval fleet units at Port Safaga”. 5 January 2017.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “DCNS DELIVERS THE FIRST MISTRAL-CLASS HELICOPTER CARRIER TO THE EGYPTIAN NAVY, THE LHD GAMAL ABDEL NASSER”. 2 June 2016.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser DP-65 antisaboteur grenade launchers
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser “Egypt is only Middle East country to own Mistral helicopter carriers”. 8 October 2016.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Russia’s Mistrals will be rapid response ships – News – Society – The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video”. :. 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2014-04-20.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Mistral : sortie en mer du “Vladivostok” à Saint-Nazaire, des marins russes à bord” (in French). clicanoo.re. 13 September 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Egypt agrees to buy warships built for Russia from France”. BBC. Retrieved 2015-09-23.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Egypt is only Middle East country to own Mistral helicopter carriers”. 8 October 2016.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: 01.10.2012. “First Mistral Laid Down at Baltiysky Zavod Shipyard”. Rusnavy.com. Retrieved 2014-04-20.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Russian Navy to Receive Mistral Warship in 3 Years | Defense | RIA Novosti”. En.rian.ru. Retrieved 2014-04-20.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: John Pike. “Russia signs $1.7 bln deal for 2 French warships”. Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2014-04-20.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Vladivostok, Russian Navy future Mistral class LHD, specificities and characteristics(Navy recognition)”. 17 March 2013.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Russia Moves Mistral Stern Construction to France”. 21 June 2013.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “DCNS launch Vladivostok, Russian Navy’s first Mistral class LHD(Navy recognition)”. 16 October 2013.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: News Desk. “Vladivostok – Mistral Class LHD Bound for Russia Begins Sea Trials in the Atlantic”. Defense Update. Retrieved 2014-04-20.
- “Official: Delivery of First Mistral class LHD Vladivostok on hold until November”. 3 September 2014.
- Stephen Daly (April 2014). “French Amphibious Warfare Ships for Russia? Economic Sanctions, Coincident Procurement Opportunities, and the Mistral Class LHDs”. Canadian American Strategic Review. Archived from the original on 2014-09-06. Retrieved 2014-09-15.
Then there is the possibility of poking Vladimir Putin in the eye by taking over ownership of the Sevastopol.
- Jim Dorschner (September 2014). “A Tale of Two Ships: Turning Russia’s Loss into a Mistral Bounty for NATO and Canada – ‘NATO Naval Ship Alliance’ and ‘HMCS Resolute'”. Canadian American Strategic Review. Archived from the original on 2014-09-15.
The September 2014 decision by France to withhold delivery of two Mistral class Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD), being built for Russia, represents a tremendous opportunity for the NATO alliance, for the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), and even for a French shipbuilding industry and economy that might otherwise lose out.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “France, U.S. Discuss Russian Mistral Carrier Query | Defense News”. defensenews.com. Retrieved 2014-04-20.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Ukraine crisis: France halts warship delivery to Russia”. Archived from the original on 2014-09-14. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Mistral delivery to Russia to be approved by mid-November”. ITAR TASS. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Russia Mistral: France halts delivery indefinitely”. BBC News Online. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Mistral warships: Russia and France agree compensation deal”. BBC News. 5 August 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: Sallon, Hélène (7 August 2015). “Mistral : l’Arabie saoudite et l’Egypte ” sont prêtes à tout pour acheter les deux navires “”. Le Monde. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser: “Egypt, Saudi Arabia ‘desperate’ to purchase Mistral warships”. france24. 7 August 2015.
- Dalton, Matthew (23 September 2015). “France to Sell Two Mistral Warships to Egypt”. Wall Street Journal. (subscription required (help)).
- Cullinane, Susannah; Martel, Noisette (23 September 2015). “France to sell Egypt two warships previously contracted to Russia”. CNN.
- “French Arms Exports Reach All-Time High in 2015”. 14 January 2016.
- “DCNS DELIVERS THE FIRST MISTRAL-CLASS HELICOPTER CARRIER TO THE EGYPTIAN NAVY, THE LHD GAMAL ABDEL NASSER”. 2 June 2016.
- “DCNS DELIVERS THE SECOND MISTRAL-CLASS HELICOPTER CARRIER TO THE EGYPTIAN NAVY, THE LHD ANWAR EL SADAT”. 16 September 2016.
- “Egypt, France begin Cleopatra 2016 naval exercises with Mistral helicopter carrier”. 20 June 2016.
A French-made Mistral warship, ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser, arrived on Thursday in Egypt’s seaport city of Alexandria. It is one of two French-made warships sold to the Arab country after France canceled their sale to Russia over the Ukrainian crisis.The helicopter carrier, the first in the Egyptian naval forces, is named after Egypt’s late leader Gamal Abdel-Nasser.